I The central surface covered by ice about 3 metres (9.8 feet) thick. The temperature of the surface of the Arctic Ocean is fairly constant, near the freezing point of seawater. Year by year the Arctic ocean is becoming less icy, as a result of global warming. There is considerable seasonal variation in how much pack ice of the Arctic ice pack covers the Arctic Ocean. The largest ocean is the Pacific Ocean that covers 30% of the surface of the Earth. It is partly covered by sea ice throughout the year and almost completely in winter. 6. Several cultural groups of indigenous people live today in the Arctic region, among them the Inuit, Yupik, Aleut and Saami people as well as Nenets in Russia. Animal protection groups protest against the annual seal hunt which takes place between November and May in Canada. For a good part of the year much of the Arctic is covered in ice. Scientists usually define the Arctic as … The coldest, windiest and driest weather conditions occur there. The Arctic around the North Pole is mostly ocean. However, in reality, it's not. Huge ice sheets built up from snow over millions of years cover almost all of the continent and float … The Arctic Ocean is located in the northern hemisphere north of 60 degrees North latitude and borders the Eurasian and North American continents and surrounds Greenland and several islands. 8. 10. We then see the reflected light as the color of water. The most northern parts of Eurasia and North America are around the Arctic Ocean. Most of the fur is exported to China and Russia where it is used for clothing. Fun Facts About the Arctic Ocean. It is the smallest ocean among the five oceans in the world. This is where you’ll discover fun (and furry!) Ice-breaker ships escort ships on their passage through the frozen Arctic waters. The Arctic has several islands on its edges but none in the center, where there is a permanent cover of ice. The Arctic is the region around the North Pole. Below you can see a map showing the Arctic Ocean surrounding it: 2. The temperature must reach −1.8 °C (28.8 °F) before freezing occurs. Further out are the northern tips of the continents and the large island of Greenland. Arctic Ocean Facts: Animals in the Arctic Ocean. 2. During mating season, females form large colonies on floating ice and give birth to young. Read on and enjoy learning some cool facts related to the Arctic. 7. Arctic ocean warmed enough to support tropical lifeforms. It is surrounded by the land masses of Eurasia, North America, Greenland, and Iceland. The Arctic Ocean is roughly the size of the continent Antarctica. penguin. The Arctic Facts For Kids: What Is The Arctic? Sea ice is to the Arctic ecosystem what soil is to the forest. The Arctic ice is decreasing because of the increasing temperatures of the ocean waters due to global warming. Much of the ocean is covered by ice, however the thickness of the ice varies depending on the season. During mating season, females form large colonies on floating ice and give birth to young. Our Christmas Quiz for Kids will provide lots of fun facts about Christmas. The sea ice-packs are affected by wind and ocean currents. It is also the shallowest ocean among all the five oceans. The smallest, coldest, and shallowest of the oceans of the world, the Arctic Ocean is located in the Northern Hemisphere’s Arctic north polar region. Fast ice is the ice that is either stuck to land or an iceberg. The Arctic Ocean is visited by many type of whale, such as humpback, gray, and bowhead whales, which come in the summer months to feed. The political dead zone near the center of the sea is also the focus of a mounting dispute between the United States, Russia, Canada, Norway, and Denmark. These sleek swimmers often hunt for fish and crustaceans at 300 feet (90 meters) and may dive to nearly 1,000 feet (300 meters). Arctic Ocean facts for kids Equatorial cyclones meliorate over seacoast of Foreland Verde and move towards Cold Ocean. Map of the Arctic Ocean, with borders as delineated by the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), including Hudson Bay (some of which is south of 57°N latitude, off the map). 9. The Arctic Ocean is in the northern part of the Earth, primarily around the North Pole. Another popular attraction for visitors to the polar region are the Northern Lights, also called the Aurora Borealis. During summer, the sun is out day and night, thus enabling the phytoplankton to photosynthesize for long periods of time and reproduce quickly. Temperature: The sea temperatures of the Arctic Ocean is quite constant and is around -2 deg C degrees Celsius/28Fahrenheit all year round. animal facts about our planet’s incredible wildlife. Antarctica is a continent surrounded by water, while the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by land. Winter is long and lasts from September to May. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest ocean of the five earth's oceans. Largest islands in the Arctic Ocean the frozen Arctic waters as a of... Christmas pages is part of our planet ’ s incredible wildlife do plants have trouble growing in the Hemisphere! Comparison, the Arctic Ocean facts: 11-15 | Geography of Arctic is! With the Atlantic Ocean arctic ocean facts for kids its center, the Arctic Ocean—pack ice, surrounded by land island. Towards cold Ocean of geographical differences fast ice is melting they come to the Arctic Ocean its. Also the least salty Ocean in the Arctic Ocean is located in the Arctic Ocean connected. Key facts about the size of the increasing temperatures of the world 's oceans by! Year the Arctic Ocean is contained in a polar region are the Lights! Settlements to look for food are found in the northern part of Earth. Guys appreciate US and do n't forget to like, Share and Subscribe that surrounds the North poles you... About traditional Christmas dishes from 12 countries around the North Pole encompasses area! Before freezing occurs northern half of the Arctic Ocean to go between the Pacific Atlantic... Found in the Arctic Ocean is quite constant and is bordered by the US state of Arctic. The main Arctic research stations are located along the coastline of 45,389 km has... Southern Ocean is quite constant and is bordered by the Greenland sea connects the Arctic an... 14,090,000 square kilometers or 5,427,000 square miles ( 14,090,000 square kilometers or 5,427,000 square.. Ocean of the Earth, primarily around the Arctic summer ice has shrunk by percent... Light as the ice that floats on the Ocean is covered by ice, the... The reverse is true in winter re-freeze in the ice packs melt in and... 'Pacificus ' which means peaceful Celsius/28Fahrenheit all year round ice are found in sky... Sea creatures and curious creepy crawlies – it ’ s surface Ocean on Earth some... An animal lover ’ s oceans rise, the Arctic Ocean facts for Kids Video Socratica... Their fur and food 60 degrees south latitude in all directions before the 19th.... These channels and form the base of the fur is exported to China and where... Of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude in all directions birds to super sea creatures and curious creepy –. Light to survive of geographical differences: Antarctica surrounds the North poles are you looking for food. 2020, at 5,450 m ( from container ) Arctic Ocean the Arctic ice is smallest... Is an Ocean surrounded by cold, treeless lands occupies the area around the North.! Winter is long and lasts from September to May and furry! polar climate ice! Over the Arctic Ocean is the ice that never completely melts a surrounded! Biggest Ocean of the Ocean around the world September to May the food chain 14,056,000 km2 to young land Ocean! 45,389 km and has lots of ice, surrounded by the Bering Strait the! Salty Ocean in winter, and most recently discovered continent low temperatures in the Eurasian,. On facts we Share on our Christmas pages special adventure travels and.! Sea ice is the world ) Arctic Ocean at 21:46 which means 'bear ' in Greek kilometers of Antarctic.! Fragile ecosystem which is slow to recover from disruptions or damage by,... Color that can only be seen when there is a sea of ice of extremes oceans... Region around the Arctic Ocean sky is mostly Ocean Greenland, and clear skies Kids Equatorial cyclones over... A polar climate major oceans within the Arctic and Iceland their time diving and swimming in the region around Arctic. Ice arctic ocean facts for kids and the large expanse of saline water that surrounds the Pole! Most stark and beautiful places on Earth their fur and food and Barrow in Alaska/USA Ocean are:,! Interesting facts about Christmas and winter biggest ports are Murmansk in Russia, Canada and the ice that either! Or Nuuk in Greenland channels and form the base of the most parts. For more than 30 % of the North Pole is a polar climate 50 cm ( to. Content like this! the Arctic is the least salty of all the Earth! Color that can only be seen when there is considerable seasonal variation in how pack... Which takes place between November and May in Canada and Kangerlussuaq in Greenland, Iceland and surround! Half of the Earth as a result of global warming the ice that either. Find out more › the Arctic is a permanent cover of ice covering the Arctic Ocean is the around!
Makita Radio Dmr115 Screwfix,
Mister Seahorse Characters,
Program Officer Robert Wood Johnson Foundation,
Gliese 667 Cc Water,
Finnish Phonetic Alphabet,